```set gxout stat d ```
sends output to the terminal as opposed to a plot or data output (e.g., ```set fwrite out.dat ; set gxout fwrite; d rh```). Or the output goes to the script variable `result` which can be parsed inside a script (see the `corr.gs` GrADS script)

The output allows many statistical calculations to be made. Here's an example of opening up a global model file and looking at the 1000 mb relative humidity, statistically,

```ga-> set gxout stat ga-> d rh Data Type = grid Dimensions = 0 1 I Dimension = 1 to 145 J Dimension = 1 to 73 Sizes = 145 73 10585 Undef value = 1e+20 Undef count = 0 Valid count = 10585 Min, Max = 0.0610352 100.061 Stats(sum,sumsqr,n): 787381 6.35439e+07 10585 Stats(sum,sumsqr)/n: 74.3865 6003.2 Stats(sum,sumsqr)/(n-1): 74.3935 6003.77 Stats(sigma,var)(n): 21.6761 469.854 Stats(sigma,var)(n-1): 21.6771 469.898 Cmin, cmax, cint = 10 100 10```

Let's break it down:

`Data Type = grid` ----- you have a grid

`Dimensions = 0 1` ----- the dimension type for the variable

`0` - lon
`1` - lat
`2` - lev
`3` - time

`1` - not varying

`I Dimension = 1 to 145` ------ obvious

`J Dimension = 1 to 73`

`Sizes = 145 73 10585` ------- `10585` is 145*73 or total number of points

`Undef value = 1e+20` ------- undefined value

`Undef count = 0 Valid count = 10585` ----- # of defined and undefined points in the grid. Remember that if GrADS can't find any data it returns undefs. This is useful for checking if you have any data, `Valid count = 0` means no...

`Min, Max = 0.0610352 100.061` ---- UHHH OHHHH! we have slight supersaturation..

`Stats(sum,sumsqr,n): 787381 6.35439e+07 10585` - This should be fairly obvious, sum = the simple sum of all defined points.

`sumsqr` = sum of, in this case, `rh*rh` and `10585` is `n`.

`Stats(sum,sumsqr)/n: 74.3865 6003.2` - Divide by `n` for convenience, the first number is the "biased" mean...

`Stats(sum,sumsqr)/(n-1): 74.3935 6003.77` - the so called `unbiased` mean (remove 1 degree of freedom), etc.

`Stats(sigma,var)(n): 21.6761 469.854` - the standard deviation and variance "biased" (`n`)

`Stats(sigma,var)(n-1): 21.6771 469.898` - the standard deviation and variance "unbiased" (`n-1`)

`Cmin, cmax, cint = 10 100 10` - What GrADS will use when contouring.

NOTE: This works for both `gridded` and station data